Making the Movie

Filmmaking tips, resources, reviews, news and links.

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A short documentary on Stanley Kubrick’s lenses

This little doc was my favorite part of the touring Stanley Kubrick art exhibit which passed through LA a few years back.

After watching it, perhaps you’ll agree with me that it’s a tragedy that these useful lenses, so carefully chosen as tools of filmmaking, are instead touring the world as artifacts behind glass.

As a former magazine photographer, Kubrick had a deep understanding of not just how lenses would photograph a scene — dark, light, deep, shallow — but also every element of composition.

His camera positions are so artfully chosen. For example, the demonically-foreshortened low angle on Jack Nicholson when he’s trapped in the storage room in The Shining. Or there’s the story of the young Kubrick pulling rank on experienced d.p. Lucien Ballard in The Killing. Kubrick asked him to switch lenses for a long tracking dolly shot. When told switching lenses would mean Ballard’s lights were in the shot, requiring him to re-light the whole scene, Kubrick stood his ground. Ballard could change lenses or he could start looking for a new job.

Your Wednesday Links: TV is Dead. Long Live TV.

Most of these links come from the @makingthemovie Twitter stream. If you’d like to see them as they come, follow us on Twitter.

NYTimes: Netflix and Hulu no longer find themselves upstarts in online streaming

Vanity Fair: The Vanity Credit Turns 100: Why directors turn to “A Film by” and why it’s caused fights for decades

Chris Jones: Top 13 Things To Do When Being Interviewed for Radio About Your Film

Gizmodo: How the “Harvard Sentences” secretly shaped audio tech

The Film Stage: The fantastic Albert Maysles documentary about Wes Anderson making Tenenbaums

YOUR WEEKLY WISDOM:
Fake it till you make it. Bulls**t until you rule s**t.

Meta: Site Layout Updates

Regular visitors will notice a new look to the site. You may even notice changes day-by-day. The goal is to have a fresh, mobile-friendly layout and to constantly tweak it to make it better. Sorta like editing a film.

Right now I’m experimenting with the well-reviewed Hemingway theme. In addition to looking better on phones and tablets, it should also do a better job of handling video and large images.

It’s going to be a work-in-progress and things are going to break. Or display in weird and funky ways. Your comments and requests are quite welcome during — and after! — this process. Let me know what you think!

Your Tuesday Links: Post-Oscars Edition

The critics at SlashFilm podcast had a nice wrap up. It includes a link to an article by Sound of Music on why it runs Hollywood.

Other post-mortems… Deadline’s Pete Hammond. Variety’s Four Big Lessons. Hollywood Reporter’s David Rooney. Steve Pond at The Wrap. And last but never least, Price Peterson’s gif extravaganza.

James Gunn on Bradley Cooper’s snub

Variety: The story behind on Imitation Game writer Graham Moore’s moving acceptance speech

NON-OSCARS a.k.a. ACTUAL FILMMAKING LINKS:
Quora: Advice on how to market a low-budget film

Filmmaker mag: A profile of Kubrick d.p. John Alcott

The New Yorker: Rethinking Hollywood’s seasonal blockbuster strategy and Anthony Lane reviews 50 Shades of Grey

Cinapse profiles native indie Winter in the Blood

Target ends their UltraViolet movie service. Which UltraViolet service is next?

Your Weekend Viewing: The Waste Battle

Movie Review: Oscar Nominated Short Films 2015

ShortsOscar2015_PosterIf you want a leg up on your Oscar ballot, the key is to see the films in the three short film categories. Back in the day, there was no good way to do this. In the last few years, however, Magnolia Films and shorts.tv have put them together for theatrical release.

If you’re lucky enough to be near one of the 110 theaters in the US that are showing the program, get on down and see them! Seriously, there are some great, innovative films. And if you don’t like one, a new one will be on any minute.

UPDATE 17 February 2015: The Oscar Shorts are now available streaming on Vimeo On Demand.

What follows is a bit about each film and my evaluation of its Oscar potential. Enjoy!

Continue reading

Movie Reviews: The Imitation Game and The Theory of Everything

Imitation-Game-PosterThe Imitation Game

The Imitation Game seems unlikely to win Best Picture, but the crackerjack screenplay, by Graham Moore, has a good shot to win Best Adapted Screenplay. It takes the life of mathematician Alan Turing and turns it into an Enigma code that comes together letter by letter, intercutting three time periods. The dialogue, which you can tell stars like Benedict Cumberbatch (Turning) and Kiera Knightley (who plays his colleague and beard) are enjoying immensely, is sharply witty and dramatically charged. Other than a certain sawhorse refrain that clumsily returns as a mantra to bludgeon dimwitted audience members who require their themes spoonfed, I loved it.

It works as a spy thriller, it works as an emotional mystery, it works as the tale of a tragic decline. Pay no attention to the naysayers who are tarring it with the “not historically accurate” brush (like poor Selma). Rubbish. To understand history, you have to engage with the people and the events and Imitation Game is a perfect blueprint for how to do that and make an entertaining film at the same time.

Now, if you know going in how Turing met his end then you may, like me, feel that there was a case to make it a part of this story beyond just a title card. The filmmakers opted not to dramatize that, and I respect that. But I do feel the film ‘chickened out’ a bit at this and some other harsher aspects of the true story. Commercially, of course, indisputably they made the right call.

The Theory of Everything PosterThe Theory of Everything

This scientist biopic also surprised me. Yes, it has the awkward love story and the uplifting struggle against a debilitating neurological disease, but it also goes into some places with the characters I wasn’t expecting. Perhaps because it is based on Hawking’s first wife’s memoir rather than his own accounts, it offers a unique perspective on his professional achievements and the challenges of raising a family and sustaining a marriage.

Eddie Redmayne positively disappears into the role. I know it’s conventional wisdom that playing disabled is Oscar bait, but this is no dilettante performance. At every turn there is a trap of exaggerating the look and movements of the real Hawking into clownishness. But Redmayne never does. That would be enough (dayenu!) but Redmayne also adds a layer of — for lack of a better term — ‘eye-acting’ that provides a window into the character’s deepest thoughts and feelings. It’s worth the ticket price alone.

The script, by Anthony McCarten, meanders a bit. It never quite brings its central metaphor home (Hawkings’ thoughts on the universe expanding forever or contracting to doom mirror his own attitudes toward facing his disease). But I’m also a fan of not forcing messy real lives into some artificial structure. Jane, the wife character (Felicity Jones), is quite interesting in her own right. Her struggling with fidelity and what her husband’s discoveries mean for her faith was all quite dramatic. I wish there had been even more of her journey: A scene of her struggling with the kids, struggling with Stephen’s bodily functions. (I believe the one time he’s shown on the toilet, he’s unrealistically wearing pants. #rant Filmmakers: either you show us the nitty gritty of what this disease is really like or don’t. Never go pant-on-toilet! #endrant)

In the end, I had some idea of what it was like to be Stephen Hawking and live his extraordinary life. I had a bit less of a sense of what it was like to be Jane, and almost no sense of what it was like to be his kid. Hawking is in his 70’s and still going strong. I wager this is not the last biopic we’ve seen of him, or of Mr. Turing.

Movie Review: Selma

selma_ver2Selma is about a later chapter in the life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (David Oyewolo). The film opens with Dr. King receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in Stockholm for his work in ending segregation. But the work of civil rights is not finished.

As he later puts it to LBJ (Tom Wilkinson), nothing will change in the racist communities without self-determination. He and his sometimes fractious coalition will make their stand in Ferguson, Alabama — not because it is particularly worse for black voters there than other places in the South. They will do it there because they can count on the violent local sheriff and the racist governor to make it into a scene.

With the events of Ferguson, Missouri and the failure to indite the police officers who strangled Eric Garner in the news it’s hard to imagine a historical film that feels more relevant to today. But of course, most relevant is the 1964 Voting Rights Act that the Selma marches galvanized. It was just repealed by the Supreme Court.

Director Ava DuVernay, apparently working from her own script instead of credited British writer Paul Webb’s, delivers the goods. Historical moments come to life with emotion and power, and the Kings — Martin and Coretta (Carmen Ejogo) — both come to life as complicated, conflicted figures, not to mention the other names from history that live and breathe on screen: Joe Lewis, Malcolm X, Mahalia Jackson, Jimmy Lee Jackson, and so many more.

As for the controversy over not getting a Best Director nomination… totally justified. This was one of the best-directed films I saw all year. While there are a few moments where the camera angles don’t edit together smoothly, the direction was otherwise first class. DuVernay got 10,000 times better performances and more emotional impact than Bennett Miller did with Foxcatcher. (Sorry, Bennett. I still love Moneyball.) The movie is truly epic. Scenes with hundreds of extras play just as well as two-person chamber scenes. You feel the righteous power of the Selma marches. You feel the swift brutality of the violence. You feel the weight of history. And yet the characters don’t feel stuffy and arch. It’s incredibly well directed.

DuVernay’s boosters (of which I am now one) can console themselves with the thought that she is only three films into what looks to be a long and promising career. I look forward to the work, whether the stuffy old Academy Awards voters recognize it or not.

Your Thursday Links: Sundance/Slamdance Preview

Sundance 2015 starts today. Here’s Vanity Fair’s preview. Here’s Kenneth Turan for the LA Times.

We don’t know which film will be next year’s Whiplash or Beasts of the Southern Wild, but there’s a good bet one of them will be a breakout hit.

Few people pay attention to the short films in Sundance, but I believe both Beasts‘ Benh Zeitlin and Whiplash‘s Damian Chazelle began their successful Sundance features as Sundance shorts. The Slashfilmcast podcast has a must-listen interview with British short filmmaker Ben Aston, whose short “Russian Roulette” was shot for under $200 and made the 2015 fest. You can watch it online right now.

As for Sundance’s rebel cousin film fest, Slamdance, I’m sure there will be a number of cool shorts emerging. Filmmakers Jeremy Osbern & Misti Boland, profiled on this site before, have a short in the fest called “Courtesan”. Here’s a (very brief) teaser:


And here’s Jeremy’s blog post about shooting using the Digital Bolex D16.

What are you looking forward to seeing in Park City?

Your Weekend Viewing: The War Machine Sequence

The Thief and the Cobbler is a sort of holy grail of animated film. I hadn’t heard of it until recently, probably because its obsessive creator, Richard Williams, never quite finished the film. Wikipedia, as usual, has more detail:

After his success as animation director on Who Framed Roger Rabbit, Williams signed a deal in 1988 to have Warner Bros. finance and distribute the film.[4] However, negotiations broke down when production went over budget and behind schedule and Williams was unable to complete the film on time. As Warner Bros. later pulled out, a completion bond company assumed control of The Thief and the Cobbler and had it finished by producer Fred Calvert without Williams’s involvement, and in a very different, almost unrecognizable form. In the process, Calvert completely re-edited the film, removing many of Williams’s scenes and adding songs and voice-overs that he felt would make it more marketable. The new animation produced under Calvert was not up to Williams’s standards. Calvert’s version was released only in Australia and South Africa in 1993 as The Princess and the Cobbler. This was further reedited with additional voice-overs by Miramax in the United States in 1995 as Arabian Knight.

Over the years, people and companies including The Walt Disney Company‘s Roy E. Disney, have discussed restoring the film as closely as possible to its original intended version, but none of these projects have come to pass. Video copies of an unfinishedworkprint made during Williams’s involvement in the film often circulate within animation subcircles, and this workprint gives a good idea of Williams’s original intent for the film.[5] In 2006, an unofficial restoration known as The Recobbled Cut was released on the internet, intending to create a high-quality edit of the film which would mirror Williams’s original intent as closely as possible. Edited by independent filmmaker Garret Gilchrist, The Recobbled Cut was revised three times gaining the attention of animation fans and artists from the film.[6] In 2013, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences archived Richard Williams’ own 35mm workprint of the film and screened a digital transfer, billed as “A Moment In Time.” Williams himself appeared to break his 20-year silence about the film by participating in Q&As after the screening. What survives of Williams’s original vision for his unfinished film has given the film a legendary status among animation professionals and fans, who consider it a cult filmand every bit the masterpiece it was intended to be. Williams himself acknowledged the film’s rehabilitated reputation, thanks to fan projects like The Recobbled Cut and a 2012 documentary of the film’s production, Persistence of Vision.[7]

All I’ve seen of it is this except that is available on YouTube, and it’s a doozy.

For this new year, I’m hoping for less absurdity of war and more absurdity of animation. Here’s to the obsessive filmmakers, recklessly pursuing their vision, even whilst avoiding being ground up in the gears of commerce. Have a happy, creative, bountiful 2015!

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